[Home] JSON-C Example

So you want to parse JSON with C? Welcome aboard! First get json-c, configure, compile, and update your ld cache

Make JSON-C (libjson)

x86 / Ubuntu

wget http://oss.metaparadigm.com/json-c/json-c-0.9.tar.gz
tar xf json-c-0.9.tar.gz
cd json-c-0.9
./configure && make && sudo make install
sudo ldconfig

ARM / OpenEmbedded

bitbake json-c

Simple Test

Now use one of the test files provided or this example: http://www.jroller.com/RickHigh/entry/json_parsing_with_c_simple

json-example.c:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <string.h>

#include <json/json.h>

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
  struct json_object *new_obj;
  new_obj = json_tokener_parse("/* more difficult test case */ { \"glossary\": { \"title\": \"example glossary\", \"pageCount\": 100, \"GlossDiv\": { \"title\": \"S\", \"GlossList\": [ { \"ID\": \"SGML\", \"SortAs\": \"SGML\", \"GlossTerm\": \"Standard Generalized Markup Language\", \"Acronym\": \"SGML\", \"Abbrev\": \"ISO 8879:1986\", \"GlossDef\": \"A meta-markup language, used to create markup languages such as DocBook.\", \"GlossSeeAlso\": [\"GML\", \"XML\", \"markup\"] } ] } } }");
  printf("new_obj.to_string()=%s\n", json_object_to_json_string(new_obj));
  new_obj = json_object_object_get(new_obj, "glossary");
  printf("new_obj.to_string()=%s\n", json_object_to_json_string(new_obj));
  new_obj = json_object_object_get(new_obj, "pageCount");
  int pageCount = json_object_get_int(new_obj);
  printf("Page count = %d", pageCount);
  json_object_put(new_obj);
  return 0;
}

Makefile:

all: static
# if you didn't do `sudo make install` you'll need to add your own paths
# to json.json.h and libjson.so - something like -I/usr/local/include/ -L/usr/local/lib
static:
  gcc -static -o json-example-static json-example.c -ljson
  ./json-example-static
shared:
  gcc -o json-example-shared json-example.c -L/usr/local/lib -ljson
  ./json-example-shared
.PHONY: all static shared

Make json-example

make static
make shared

Hopefully that's enough to get you started. The big thing is that when you compile your own projects, make sure that you include the json library and paths.

Segfaults

If you get a segfault it's most likely that you're accessing a key that doesn't exist.

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